Visn. Hark. nac. agrar. univ., Ser. Biol., 2020, Issue 1 (49), p. 6-17


https://doi.org/10.35550/vbio2020.01.006




PLANT TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS IN RESPONSES TO ABIOTIC STRESSORS: MYB PROTEINS


O.A. Artemenko

Kholodnyi Institute of Botany
of National Academy of Science of Ukraine
(Kyiv, Ukraine)
E-mail:
oartemenko66@gmail.com


The most plant responses to stressors are controlled at transcription level involving transcription factors (TFs), in particular those belonging to the MYB (myeloblastosis) family, which is one of the largest in plants. This TF family contains proteins that control processes such as: transcription, regulation of transcription, acetylation, alternative splicing; involved in root development, leaf pattern, trichome formation, cell cycle, circadian rhythms, phytochrome signal transmission, and play a key role in disease resistance and abiotic stress. In addition, plant MYB3R proteins regulate transcription of many G2/M-specific cell cycle genes such as CYCB1, CYCB2, CDKB2 and are involved in promoting cytokinesis. The MYB3R3 protein inhibits the transcription of G2/M-specific genes and is important for prevention of ectopic transcription of mitotic genes in resting cells. This article shows relevant data about study of expression the genes encoding different transcription factors to determine their role in mechanisms of plant resistance to abiotic factors.


Key words: Arabidopsis thaliana, Transcription factor (TF), cell cycle, abiotic stress, expression of genes

 


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