Visn. Hark. nac. agrar. univ., Ser. Biol., 2019, Issue 3 (48), p. 52-65


A. I. Kokorev1, Yu. E. Kolupaev1, 2, T. O. Yastreb1, E. I. Horielova1

1Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University

(Kharkiv, Ukraine)


2Karazin Kharkiv National University

(Kharkiv, Ukraine)

Polyamines are stress metabolites that perform multiple functions in plant cells. The literature data on the effect of exogenous polyamines on components of antioxidant and osmoprotective systems are contradictory, and comparative studies of the protective effect of different polyamines are not enough. We studied the effect of exogenous putrescine and spermine on the resistance of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.) of Dosconala variety to dehydration caused by an action of 12% PEG 6000. Both polyamines in a fairly wide range of concentrations softened the growth inhibitory effect of osmotic stress. In the variants with polyamines treatment, not only the growth of shoots and roots, but also the mass ratio of shoot/root increased under the action of PEG 6000. The maximum positive effect was observed when using putrescine and spermine at 1 mM concentrations, while the stress-protective effect of spermine was more noticeable than the effect of putrescine. Treatment with both polyamines prevented an increase in the content of hydrogen peroxide in shoots of seedlings caused by osmotic stress. In addition, the effect of putrescine and spermine on the seedlings prevented a decrease in the activity of superoxide dismutase caused by stress, but did not have a significant effect on the activity of catalase and guaiacol peroxidase. Treatment with putrescine caused an increase in the content of proline seedlings under osmotic stress, while under the influence of spermine it decreased. Exogenous polyamines did not significantly affect the sugar content, but contributed to an increase in the content of anthocyanins in the shoots. In addition, under the influence of spermine there was an increase in the content of colorless flavonoids, absorbing UV-B. The conclusion is made about the complex and partly specific effect of polyamines on functioning of individual components of stress-protective systems of wheat seedlings.  

Key words: Triticum aestivum, putrescine, spermine, osmotic stress, superoxide dismutase, proline, flavonoid compounds



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