Visn. Hark. nac. agrar. univ., Ser. Biol., 2019, Issue 3 (48), p. 28-51


Yu. V. Karpets

Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University

(Kharkiv, Ukraine)


Nitric oxide (II) – NO – is considered as one of the key signal mediators-gasotransmitters in animal and plant cells. NO has the wide spectrum of biological effect at the expense of radical nature, which allows it both to activate chain free-radical reactions, and to suppress them, and also to act in the role of both reductant, and oxidizer. Reactive nitrogen species are capable to influence the functional activity of proteins through the processes of nitrosylation and nitridation. Also NO is involved to the transduction of hormonal signals, regulation of cellular cycle of plant cell, processes of differentiation and morphogenesis of plants, and adaptation to stressors. The large array of experimental data, testifying to the ability of nitric oxide to increase in the plants resistance to stressors of various natures, is received by the treatment of plant objects with donors of NO. There are over 300 compounds, belonging to about 15 classes, which can act as donors of nitric oxide. Now the most common NO donor, which is used both for scientific research and for practical purposes, is sodium nitroprusside (SNP). The review analyzes literature data on the influence of SNP and other donors of nitric oxide on the resistance of plants to hypo- and hyperthermia, drought, salt stress, influence of heavy metals. Information on the modification of antioxidative system by NO donors, their influence on the accumulation of compatible osmolytes, state of stomata, and other physiological and biochemical processes, that are important for plant resistance to adverse factors, are considered.

Key words: nitric oxide (NO), donors of NO, stressors, resistance, antioxidative system



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