Visn. Hark. nac. agrar. univ., Ser. Biol., 2017, Issue 3 (42), с. 72-80


Т. О. Yastreb1, Yu. Е. Kolupaev1, 2, Yu. V. Karpets1, O.P. Dmitriev3

1V.V. Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University
(Kharkiv, Ukraine)
2V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University
(Kharkiv, Ukraine)
3Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
(Kyiv, Ukraine)

The effect of abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate on the state of stomata of Arabidopsis thaliana plants of wild type (Columbia-0 Col-0) and defective ones in jasmonate signaling namely: jin1 (a mutant defective in gene, coding protein transcription factor JIN1/MYC2 – a one of key proteins in jasmonate signaling), jar1 (a mutant for the gene coding JAR1-synthase responsible for the formation of a physiologically active conjugate of jasmonic acid with isoleucine) and coi1 (a mutant for the gene encoding the COI1 protein that is involved in the removal of repressor proteins from transcriptional factors of jasmonate signaling) was investigated. In wild-type Arabidopsis plants, ABA at concentrations of 10-100 μM caused a significant reduction in the percentage of open stomata and the size of the stomatal aperture. In plants jin1 at the treatment with ABA at these concentrations, the indices describing the state of the stomatal apparatus remained practically unchanged. In the mutants jar1 and coi1 under the influence of ABA, the size of stomatal aperture decreased almost in the same way as in wild-type plants, however, the percentage of partially open stomata was somewhat larger. Under the influence of methyl jasmonate in concentrations of 50-200 μM, the stomatal aperture value in Col-0 plants decreased significantly, and the percentage of partially open stomata under the influence of 10 and 50 μM methyl jasmonate increased slightly, and when treated with 200 μM methyl jasmonate decreased. In the jin1 and jar1 mutants, when treating methyl jasmonate at various concentrations, the parameters characterizing the stomatal activity did not practically change, while the coi1 genotype had a tendency to some decrease in the size of the stomatal aperture. The role of proteins involved in jasmonate signaling in controlling the state of stomata by ABA and jasmonate is discussed.

Key words: Arabidopsis thaliana, stomata, jasmonic acid, metyl jasmonate, abscisic acid, jasmonate signaling



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