Visn. Hark. nac. agrar. univ., Ser. Biol., 2017, Issue 2 (41), с. 48-57


https://doi.org/10.35550/vbio2017.02.048




COMBINED EFFECT OF CARBAMIDE-AMMONIA MIXTURE AND MICROELEMENT COMPLEX ON PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY AND GRAIN PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT


O. S. Kapitanska, O. O. Stasik, G. A. Pryadkina, V. P. Oksem

Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics
of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
(Kyiv, Ukraine)
E-mail:
ostasik2@gmail.com


In field experiments, the effects of combined use of a carbamide-ammonium mixture (CAM) and a complex of microelements chelated with carboxylic acids to feed the crop at the stage of stem elongation on photosynthetic apparatus development, the production process and the productivity of winter and spring wheat were studied. For comparison, we used a basal feeding (control), additional ammonium nitrate feeding and CAM top-dressing without micronutrients. It has been found that the use of CAM as nitrogen fertilizer together with a complex of microelements’ carboxylates promoted the formation of plants with more productive stems and better development of the photosynthetic apparatus. An increase in the chlorophyll content in leaves, an increase in the crops chlorophyll indexes at the flowering and milk-wax ripeness stages, as well as the chlorophyll crop potential, compared with the basal feeding and ammonium nitrate fertilizing were observed, however, differences between CAM top-dressing with and without trace elements were less pronounced and depended on the variety. The combined use of CAM with a complex of microelements increased the yield of both winter and spring wheat varieties in comparison with all treatments studied and, thereby, the efficiency of nitrogen use at CAM foliar top-dressing.


Key words: Triticum aestivum, winter and spring wheat, photosynthesis, carbamide-ammonium mixture, carboxylates of microelements, foliar top-dressing

 


REFERENCES


1. Andrianova Ju.E., Tarchevskij I.A. 2000. Chlorophyll and Plant Productivity. Moscow : 135 p.
 
2. Bitjuckij N.P. 2011. Microelements of Higher Plants. St. Petersburg : 368 p.
 
3. Vil'dflush I.R. 1999. The effectiveness of the integrated use of CAM with trace elements in the cultivation of winter rye, wheat and triticale on sod-podzolic light loamy soil. Vestsi Akademii Agrarnykh Nauk Respubliki Belarus'. 4 : 42-46.
 
4. Gural'chuk Zh.Z., Trach V.V., Grynyuk S.A. 2011. Efficiency of use of micronutrients and prospects of development of new types of them. Visn. L'viv. Nats. Agrarn. Univ. 15 (2) : 98-103.
 
5. Dospehov B.A. 1973. Field Experience Technique. Moscow : 336 p.
 
6. Zavalin A.A., Efremov E.N., Alferov A.A., Samoilov L.N., Chernova L.S., Blagoveshchenskaya G.G. 2014. Advances and problems on application of liquid nitrogen fertilizers in the agriculture. Agrokhimiya. 5 : 20-26.
 
7. Kiriziy D.A., Shadchina T.M., Stasik O.O., Priadkina H.O., Sokolovska-Serhiienko O.H., Huliaiev B.I., Sytnyk S.K. 2011. Peculiarities of photosynthesis and production process in high intensity genotypes of winter wheat. Kyiv : 416 p.
 
8. Kirizij D.A., Stasik O.O., Prjadkina G.A., Shadchina T.M. Photosynthesis: Assimilation of CO2 and the Mechanisms of its Regulation. Vol. 2. Kiev : 480 p.
 
9. Kosinov M. V. Kaplunenko V. G. Patent of Ukraine for utility model No. 38391. Method for production of metal carboxylates Nanotechnology of production of metal carboxylates. MPK (2006): C07C 51/41, C07F 5/00, C07F 15/00, C07C 53/126 (2008.01), C07C 53/10 (2008.01), A23L 1/00, B82B 3/00. 12.01.2009, bul. № 1/2009.
 
10. Kots S.Ya., Peterson N.V. 2009. Mineral Elements and Fertilizers in Plant Nutrition. Kyiv : 182 p.
 
11. Morgun V.V., Pryadkina G.A. 2014. Photosynthetic efficiency and perspectives of winter wheat productivity increasing. Fiziol. rast. genet. 46 (4) : 279-301.
 
12. Morgun V.V., Sanin Ye.V., Shvartau V.V. 2015. 100 Quarter Club. Winter wheat varieties of the Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of the NAS of Ukraine and the system of protection of the company Syngenta. Kyiv : 146 p.
 
13. Morgun V.V., Schwartau V.V., Kiriziy D.A. 2010. Physiological fundamentals of grain cereals high productivity forming. Fiziologiya i Biokhimiya Kul't. Rastenii. 42 (5) : 371-392.
 
14. Pasichny'k N.A., Marchuk I.U. 2013. The use of CAM for the nutrition of winter wheat on meadow-chernozem carbonate soil. Visn. Khark. Nats. Agrarn. Univ. Ser. Gruntoznavstvo, agroximiya, zemlerobstvo, lisove gospodarstvo. 1 : 140-143.
 
15. Seljaninov G.T. 1937. Methodology of agricultural climate characteristics. In: World Agroclimatic Directory. Leningrad : 5-27.
 
16. Sokolovska-Sergiienko O.G., Priadkina G.O., Kapitanska O.S. 2015. Activity of photosynthetic apparatus and productivity in winter wheat treated by chelated microfertilizer and growth stimulator. Fiziol. rast. genet. 47(4) : 321-329.
 
17. Aciksoz S.B., Yazici A., Ozturk L., Cakmak I. 2011. Biofortifi-cation of wheat with iron through soil and foliar ap-plication of nitrogen and iron fertilizers. Plant Soil. 349 : 215-225.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0863-2
 
18. Bameri M., Abdolshahi R., Mohammadi-Nejad G.H.,Yousefi K.H., Tabatabaie S.M. 2012.Effect of differ-ent microelement treatment on wheat (Triticum aes-tivum) growth and yield. Int. Res. J. Appl. Basic Sci. 3 (1) : 219-223.
 
19. Barraclough P.B., Howarth J.R., Jones J., Lee Bellido A., Parmar S., Shepherd C.E., Hawkesford M.J. 2010. Nitrogen efficiency of wheat: genotypic and environ-mental variation and prospects for improvement.Eur. J. Agron. 33 (1) : 1-11.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2010.01.005
 
20. Fernández, V., Sotiropoulos T., Brown P. 2013. Foliar fertili-zation: Scientific principles and field practices. Paris : 144 p.
 
21. Khoshgoftarmanesh A.H., Schulin R., Chaney R.L., Daneshbakhsh B., Afyuni M. 2010. Micronutrient-efficient genotypes for crop yield and nutritional quality in sustainable agriculture. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 (1) : 83-107.
https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009017
 
22. Moran K. 2004.Micronutrient product types and their devel-opment. International Fertiliser Society. Proceedings. 545 : 1-24.
 
23. Pospisil P. 2014.The role of metals in production and scavenging of reactive oxygen species in Photosystem II. Plant Cell Physiol. 55 (7) : 1224-1232.
https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcu053
 
24. Seadh S.E., El-Abady M.I., El-Ghamry A.M., Farouk S. 2009. Influence of micronutrients foliar application and nitrogen fertilization on wheat yield and quality of grain and seed. J. Biol. Sci. 9 (8) : 851-858.
https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2009.851.858
 
25. Wellburn A.P. 1994. The spectral determination of chlorophyll a and b, as well as carotenoids using various solvents with spectrophotometers of different resolution. J. Plant. Physiol. 144 (3) : 307-313.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81192-2
 
26. Yassen A., Abou El-Nour E.A.A., Shedeed S. 2010. Response of heat to foliar spray with urea and micronutrients. J. Amer. Sci. 6 (9) : 14-22.